Teaching Methods – Pedagogical Approach


  • gives teachers a better understanding of what students are learning
  • engages students in the process of learning the content

Assessment Strategies:

  1. Assessment – observing and measuring learning.
  2. Calibrated Peer Review – a web-based management tool that enables discipline based writing with peer review in classes of any size. Peer review plays a prominent role in the progress of science – proposal, published documents etc.
  3. Classroom Response Systems – use technology that promotes and implements active and cooperative learning. Students answer anonymously so they aren’t afraid of being judged & immediate feedback is provided to students.
  4. ConceptTests – conceptual multiple-choice questions that focus on one key concept of the teachers/instructors learning goals for a lesson. They are a rapid method of formative assessment of student understanding. They improve student learning, improve student satisfaction course/teacher, increased attendance
  5. Peer Review – uses interaction around writing to refine students understanding. Students provide each other with feedback online or on paper. This method is useful for teachers who want to challenge students to think critically, synthesize information and communicate science.
  6. Peer-Led Team learning – engages teams of 6 to 8 students in learning sciences, maths and other topics guided by a peer leader. Peer leaders are drawn from the pool of students who have done well on the course previously. These leaders are trained. This approach increases student motivation, performance and there is an increase in performance on standardized tests. The workshop leaders reinforce the breadth and depth of their own learning, foster presentation and team related skills. They build qualities such as confidence and perseverance.

Engaged Pedagogy

  • encourages student-student interaction
  • teacher/instructor takes on the role of facilitator rather than lecturer
  • student learning is higher and students use more higher-order thinking skills while learning material in depth


  • Engaged Pedagogy
    • Cooperative Learning
    • Using an earth history approach
    • The first day of class
    • Gallery Walk
    • Game-based Learning
    • Interactive Lecturers
    • Interactive Lecture Demonstrations
    • Jigsaws
    • Just-in-time teaching
    • Lecture Tutorials
    • Process of Science
    • Role Playing
    • Undergraduate Research
    • Using an Earth System Approach
    • Using Media to enhance teaching and learning
    • Using Social Scientific issues to teach science
  • Visualizations 
    • Direct Measurement Videos
    • Models
    • PhET Interactive Simulations
    • Teaching with Data Simulations
    • Teaching with Google Earth
    • Teaching with simulations
    • Teaching with visualizations
    • Using media to enhance teaching and learning
  • Field-Based Instruction
    • Campus Living laboratory
    • Experience-based environmental projects
    • Field Labs
    • Service Learning
    • Undergraduate Research
  • Classroom Labs
    • Indoor Labs
    • Classroom Experiments
    • Direct Measurement Videos

Teaching with Data

  • presents teachers/instructors with a detailed map of how data can be interpreted into instruction
  • different ways of student integration:
    • students learn by watching an instructor work with data
    • students manipulate and analyse data on their own

Quantitative Reasoning

  • describes how an instructor/teacher can incorporate quantitative reasoning goals and objectives into the classroom, e.g. strategies for designing and assessing student work


Reference: http://serc.carleton.edu/sp/library/pedagogies.html



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